Schizophrenia – Coping techniques
Coping with patients of schizophrenia begins with the parents/caregivers making up their minds for the psychiatric management of schizophrenia. It is because the patients of schizophrenia have no awareness (insight) of their abnormality. This is the hallmark of schizophrenia. Patients loose touch with reality and cannot assess that their irritability, aggression impulsiveness or social withdrawal is happening to them and that they are not in control of themselves. The patients believe in their hallucinations and delusions.
The management many-a-times at its beginning is enforced without the patients’ consent.
With modern medicines there is hope for patients of schizophrenia. The medicines alter the course of the illness, check its progress and help the patients to lead a near normal life independently. All this is possible when the medication is started early at the beginning of the illness and is continued without interruption even during the phase of remission.
There are many medicines used for the management of schizophrenia. Some of the commonly used are: Olanzapine, Resperidone, Clozapine, Zyprasidon, Trifuoperazine and Haloperidol. The medicines have their unwanted side effects and the expertise of the Psychiatrist lies in prescribing the most suitable medicine to the individual patient.
The psycho-pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia controls florid psychotic symptoms of the disease and the patients become co-operative for behavioural intervention aimed at rehabilitation programmes.